IMAGING SCIENCE AND PHOTOCHEMISTRY ›› 2023, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 350-357.DOI: 10.7517/issn.1674-0475.230808

• Review and Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on the Biological Distribution of ENO1 mAb in Cervical Cancer Bearing Mice Monitored by Near Infrared Fluorescence Imaging

ZHAO Tiaohong1,2, ZHANG Tingting1,2, CHEN Yuanyuan1,2, LU Ruxia1,2, ZHAO Yuanxu1,2, PEI Yaping2, LIU Huiling2, ZHU Bingdong3   

  1. 1. The First Clinical Medical College, Gansu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, P. R. China;
    2. Department of Gynecology, Gansu Provincial Hospital, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, P. R. China;
    3. School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, P. R. China
  • Received:2023-08-18 Online:2023-11-23 Published:2023-12-14

Abstract: In this study, the distribution, metabolism and tumor targeting efficiency of Enolase 1 (ENO1) monoclonal antibody (mAb) in cervical cancer bearing mice were investigated by near infrared fluorescence imaging. The relationship between ENO1 expression and tumor stage, prognosis and tumor immune invasion was analyzed by cancer genome atlas. Cy7-NHS and FITC were coupled with ENO1 mAb to form Cy7-ENO1 mAb and FITC-ENO1 mAb, and the localization of ENO1 mAb in cervical cancer cell TC-1 was verified by laser confocal microscopy, and the subcutaneous tumor model of cervical cancer was established. Near infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging was performed at 1, 6, 24, 48, 72, and 120 h after caudal intravenous injection of Cy7-ENO1 mAb. After 24 h of imaging, major organs were rapidly dissected for in vitro imaging. Bioinformatics results showed significant differences in the expression of ENO1 between normal cervical tissue and cervical cancer tissue while immunohistochemistry (IHC) indicated higher ENO1 protein expression in cervical cancer tissues. In addition, the expression of ENO1 was significantly correlated with tumor stage and lymph node stage, and the high expression of ENO1 was correlated with multiple glycolytic enzymes. Confocal laser microscopy showed that FITC-ENO1 mAb could specifically bind to the surface of TC-1 cell membrane, and no cell internalization was observed. Near infrared fluorescence imaging showed that Cy7-ENO1 mAb was mainly enriched in liver, kidney and tumor tissues, and had high tumor targeting efficiency. NIRF imaging allows real-time and dynamic monitoring of ENO1 mAb distribution in cervical cancer bearing mice, whose metabolic organs are mainly liver and kidney, and confirms ENO1 mAb's targeting of cervical cancer.

Key words: near infrared fluorescence imaging, ENO1 mAb, biodistribution, Cy7-NHS